Select two pieces of legislation passed by the United States Congress and for each:

• Describe the historical circumstances that led to the passage of the legislation.

• Discuss the impact of the law on the United States and/or on American society.

1 Answer

  • Answer:

    The Espionage Act and National Renewal Act.


    The Espionage Act

    Passed by the US President (aided by Congress) on espionage. This law dates back to 1917. The US government intended to get involved in World War I. There were many opponents to this idea, for example, in Boston, 8,000 people gathered for anti-protest demonstrations. The president pushed this bill through Congress to silence opponents of government ideas. This law acted on society in such a way that it was possible to go to prison, as was the case with Charles Shenck who ended up behind bars for distributing anti-war leaflets.

    National Renewal Act.

    A law passed in the 1930s. Roosevelt has put together several administrations aimed at getting the country out of the years of economic crisis. The Office for National Renewal, Agricultural Renewal, and Public Affairs are the branches formed by the formation of this law. This law influenced the workers by allowing them, among other things, to organize a union of their choice. The Wagner Act of 1935 is merely a continuation of this law so that workers are granted additional benefits such as collective claiming from an employer.